January 20, 2022
From Vegan Life

Our gut microbiome and fibre
About 300-500 different species of bacteria live in our digestive tract and they rely on fibre we eat to survive and thrive. Most of these microbes are symbiotic meaning both human and microbiota benefit but as we have already mentioned, some are disease promoting.

Microbiota can break down toxic food compounds and synthesise some vitamins (B and K) and amino acids. These microbes can even switch on and off certain genes. TMAO is a compound associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease in those with risk factors.

TMAO is a dietary by-product formed by gut bacteria during digestion and is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Foods that produce TMAO include meat, fish, egg and dairy. Our gut microbiome also educates our immune system and are a barrier to harmful bacteria.

How do we ensure a healthy and diverse microbiome? Eat fibrerich foods! It is recommended we eat 30 different plants every week (including herbs and spices). Avoiding animal products, fast foods, processed foods, and sugar laden fizzy drinks will also ensure a healthy gut. It is recommended we consume 30g of fibre every day (nhs.uk). Some organisations recommend more — up to 40g per day which can easily be met on a whole food plant-based diet.

Source: Veganlifemag.com